Welcome to TheseUnitedStates - Texas
Texas, our 28th state, was admitted to the Union December 29, 1845. The 2000 census has Texas's population at 20,851,820, ranking 2nd in the US. With a total area of 268,581 square miles, the state ranks 2nd in size. Austin is Texas's capital; Houston is its largest city.
Useful Internet Links for Texas:
Texas fun facts:
Texas State Bird: Mockingbird
Texas State Flower: Bluebonnet
Texas State Motto: Friendship
Texas State Song: Texas, Our Texas
Texas State Tree: Pecan
Nickname: Lone Star State
The geographic center of Texas lies in McCulloch County, 15 miles NE of Brady. At 8,749 feet, Guadalupe Peak, in Guadalupe Mountains National Park, is the state's highest point. The name Texas is a variant of a word used by Caddo and other Indians meaning "friends" or "allies," and applied to them by the Spanish in eastern Texas. Also written Texias, Tejas, Teysas.
Brief History: Early Texas natives were numerous and diverse in culture. Coahuiltecan, Karankawa, Caddo, Jumano, and Tonkawa were joined during the 19th century by Apache, Comanche, Cherokee, and Wichita. Spanish explored Pineda explored the Texas coast in 1519. Cabeza de Vaca and Coronado visited the state's interior in 1541. Spaniards established the first settlement, Ysleta, near El Paso in 1682. Americans arrived in the early 19th century. At the time, Texas was part of Mexico, which won independence from Spain in 1821. Santa Anna became dictator in 1835; Texans rebelled. Santa Anna wiped out defenders of the Alamo in 1836. Sam Houston's Texans defeated Santa Anna at San Jacinto, and independence was proclaimed that same year. The Republic of Texas, with Sam Houston as its first president, functioned as a nation until 1845, when it was admitted to the Union. Ranching and agriculture were important elements or the state's early economy, and remain so today.
Texas is home to Big Bend and Guadalupe Mountains National Parks, and Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument. Other popular Lone Star State attractions include Padre Island National Seashore; The Alamo; Fort Davis; Six Flags Amusement Park; Sea World, Fiesta Texas, and the River Walk, all in San Antonio; San Antonio Missions National Historical Park; Cowgirl Hall of Fame, Fort Worth; Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park, marking his birthplace, boyhood home, and ranch, near Johnson City; Lyndon B. Johnson Library and Museum, Austin; Texas State Aquarium, Corpus Christi; Kimball Art Museum, Fort Worth; George Bush Library, College Station; and Palo Duro Canyon State Park, SE of Amarillo.