Welcome to TheseUnitedStates - Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania was the 2nd of the 13 original states to ratify the Constitution, on December 12, 1787. The 2000 census has Pennsylvania's population at 12,281,054, ranking 6th in the US. With a total area of 46,055 square miles, the state ranks 33rd in size. Harrisburg is Pennsylvania's capital; Philadelphia is its largest city.
Useful Internet Links for Pennsylvania:
Pennsylvania fun facts:
Pennsylvania State Bird: Ruffed grouse
Pennsylvania State Flower: Mountain laurel
Pennsylvania State Motto: Virtue, liberty and independence
Pennsylvania State Song: Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania State Tree: Hemlock
Nickname: Keystone State
The geographic center of Pennsylvania lies, aptly enough, in Centre County, 2.5 miles SW of Bellefonte. At 3,213 feet, Mount Davis in Forbes State Forest in the SW corner of the state, is Pennsylvania's highest point. William Penn, the Quaker who was made full proprietor of the area by King Charles II in 1681, suggested "Sylvania," or "woodland," for his tract. The king's government owed Penn's father, Admiral William Penn, 16,000 pounds, and the land was granted as partial settlement. Charles II added the "Penn" to Sylvania, against the desires of the modest proprietor, in honor of the admiral.
Brief History: Lenni Lenape (Delaware), Shawnee and Iroquoian Susquehannocks, Eire, and Seneca inhabited the region at the time of European contact. In 1643 Swedish explorers established the first permanent settlement on Tinicum Island. The Dutch seized the settlement in 1655, but lost it to the British nearly a decade later. The region was presented by Charles II to William Penn in 1681. The city of Philadelphia ("brotherly love") served as the capital of the colonies through most of the American Revolution, and of the US from 1790-1800. Philadelphia was taken by the British in 1777; Washington's troops encamped at Valley Forge during the bitter winter of 1777-1778. The Declaration of Independence, 1776, and the Constitution, 1787, were both signed in Philadelphia. The Civil War battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863, marked a turning point, favoring Union forces.
Keystone State attractions include Independence National Historic Park, site of Independence Hall, Philadelphia; Franklin Institute Science Museum, Philadelphia Museum of Art, both in Philadelphia; Valley Forge National Historic Park; Gettysburg National Military Park; Pennsylvania Dutch Country; Hershey; Duquesne Incline, Carnegie Institute, Heinz Hall, all in Pittsburgh; Pocono Mountains; Pennsylvania's Grand Canyon, Tioga County; Allegheny National Forest; Laurel Highlands; Presque Isle State Park; Fallingwater, Ligonier; Johnstown; SteamTown USA, Scranton; State Flagship Niagara, Erie; and the Oil Heritage Region, Northwest Pennsylvania.