Welcome to TheseUnitedStates - New Mexico
New Mexico, our 47 state, was admitted to the Union January 6, 1912. The 2000 census has New Mexico's population at 1,819,046, ranking 36th in the US. With a total area of 121,356 square miles, the state ranks 5th in size. New Mexico's capital is Santa Fe; its largest city is Albuquerque.
Useful Internet Links for New Mexico:
New Mexico fun facts:
New Mexico State Bird: Road runner
New Mexico State Flower: Yucca
New Mexico State Motto: It grows as it goes
New Mexico State Song: O Fair New Mexico
New Mexico State Tree: Piñon
Nickname: The Land of Enchantment
The geographical center of New Mexico lies in Torrance County, 12 miles SSW of Willard. At 13,161 feet, Wheeler Peak, in the Sangre de Cristo Range near Taos, is the state's highest point. Spaniards in Mexico applied the name New Mexico to land north and west of the Rio Grande in the 16th century. At an elevation of over 7,000 feet, New Mexico's capital of Santa Fe is the highest state capital in the US.
Brief History: Early inhabitants were peoples of the Mogollon and Anasazi civilizations, followed by the Pueblo peoples, descendants of the Anasazi (the ancient ones). The nomadic Navajo and Apache arrived circa the 15th century. Franciscan Marcos de Niza explored the area in the mid 16th century in search of gold. The first settlements were at San Juan Pueblo in 1598, and Santa Fe (City of the Holy Faith) in 1610. Settlers traded but also fought with the Apache, Comanche and the Navajo. Trade on the Santa Fe Trail to Missouri started in 1821. The Mexican War was declared in May 1846. General Stephen Kearney took Santa Fe without firing a shot on August 18, 1846, claiming new Mexico as part of the US. All Hispanic New Mexicans and Pueblo became US citizens under the 1848 treaty ending the war, but Congress denied the area statehood and created the territory of New Mexico in 1850. Pancho Villa raided in the early 20th century. The world's first atomic bomb was developed in the secret city of Los Alamos, and exploded in the desert near Alamogordo in 1945.
The Land of Enchantment is home to Carlsbad Caverns National Park and Aztec Ruins, Bandelier, Capulin Volcano, El Malpais, El Morro, Fort Union, Gila Cliff Dwellings, Petroglyph, Salinas Pueblo Missions, and White Sands (the largest gypsum deposit in the world) National Monuments. Other popular New Mexico destinations include Santa Fe, the oldest capital in the US; Chaco Culture National Historical Park; Acoma Pueblo, the "sky city," built atop a 357-foot mesa; Taos Art Colony; Taos Ski Valley; Ute Lake State Park; Shiprock; and Sandia Tramway, Albuquerque.