Welcome to TheseUnitedStates - Idaho
Idaho, our 43rd state, was admitted to the Union July 3, 1890. The 2000 census has Idaho's population at 1,293,953, ranking 39th in the US. With a total area of 83,570 square miles, the state ranks 14th in size. Idaho's capital, Boise, is also its largest city.
Useful Internet Links for Idaho:
Idaho fun facts:
Idaho State Bird: Mountain bluebird
Idaho State Flower: Syringa
Idaho State Motto: It is perpetual
Idaho State Song: Here We Have Idaho
Idaho State Tree: White pine
Nickname: Gem State
The geographic center of Idaho lies in Custer County, SW of Challis. At 12,622 feet, Borah Peak in the Lost River Range is the state's highest point. The name Idaho is said to be a coined name with an invented meaning: "gem of the mountains;" originally suggested for the Pike's Peak mining territory in Colorado, then applied to the new mining territory of the Pacific Northwest. Another theory suggests Idaho may be a Kiowa Apache term for the Comanche.
Brief History: Early inhabitants were Shoshone, Northern Paiute, Bannock, and Nez Perce peoples. The area remained unexplored by white people until the arrival of the Lewis and Clark expedition, 1805-6. Next came fur traders, setting up trading posts in the early 19th century, and missionaries in the middle part of the century. Idaho's gold rush began in 1860, bringing thousands of permanent settlers. Most remarkable of the Indian wars was the 1,700-mile trek in 1877 of Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce, pursued by US troops through three states and caught just short of the Canadian border. The Idaho territory was organized in 1863. Idaho has a long history of mining and ranching, industries that are alive and well in the state today.
Idaho shares part of Yellowstone National Park, and is home to Craters of the Moon, Hagerman Fossil Beds and Minidoka Internment National Monuments. Other popular destinations include Hells Canyon, the deepest gorge in North America; the World Center for Birds of Prey; Sun Valley in the Sawtooth Mountains; Crystal Falls Cave; Shoshone Falls; Lava Hot Springs; Lake Pend Oreille; Lake Coeur d'Alene; Sawtooth National Recreation Area: River of No Return Wilderness Area; and Redfish Lake.