Welcome to TheseUnitedStates - Hawaii
Hawaii, our 50th state, was admitted to the Union August 21, 1959. The 2000 census has Hawaii's population at 1,211,537, ranking 42nd in the US. With a total area of 10,931 square miles, the state ranks 43rd in size. Hawaii's capital, Honolulu, is located on the island of Oahu and is also the state's largest city.
Useful Internet Links for Hawaii:
Hawaii fun facts:
Hawaii State Bird: Hawaiian goose
Hawaii State Flower: Yellow hibiscus
Hawaii State Motto: The Life of the Land is Perpetuated in Righteousness
Hawaii State Song: Hawai'i Pono'i
Hawaii State Tree: Kukui (Candlenut)
Nickname: Aloha State
The geographic center of Hawaii is located in the sea, off Maui Island. At 13, 796 feet, volcanic Mauna Kea is the state's highest point. The name Hawaii is of uncertain derivation, possibly from the native word for homeland, Hawaiki or Owhyhee. Hawaii consists of eight large and 124 small volcanic islands. With an average annual rainfall of 40 inches, Waialeale, on Kaua'i, is the wettest spot in the US.
Brief History: Polynesians from 2,000 miles to the south settled the Hawaiian Islands, probably between AD 300 and AD 600. The first European visitor was British captain James Cook, 1778. Between 1790 and 1810, the islands were politically united under the leadership of native King Kamehameha I, whose four successors - all bearing the name Kamehameha - ruled the kingdom from his death in 1819 until the end of the dynasty in 1872. Missionaries arrived in 1820, bringing Western culture. King Kamehameha III and his chiefs created the first constitution and a legislature that set up a public school system. Sugar production began in 1835 and became the dominant industry. In 1893, Queen Liliuokalani was deposed and a republic established in 1894, headed by Sanford B. Dole. Annexation by the US came in 1898. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor brought the US into World War II.
Haleakala, on Maui, and Hawaii Volcanoes, on the big island, are Hawaii's two National Parks. Other tourist destinations include the USS Arizona Memorial at Pearl Harbor; Waikiki Beach and Diamond Head, Honolulu; Hanauma Bay; Polynesian Cultural Center, Laie, Nu'uanu Pali; Waimea Canyon; Wailoa and Wailuku River state parks.