Welcome to TheseUnitedStates - Maryland Flags
This page will direct you to Maryland Flag products that you can buy.
About the Maryland State Flag
Maryland's very distinctive state flag has a long history as colorful as the flag itself. The story begins in early 17th century England, where the wealthy and powerful George Calvert was insinuating himself as a confidante to British royalty. He was rewarded with the hefty title Baron Baltimore of Baltimore in 1625. With his newfound prestige, Calvert took an interest in the North American colonies, sponsoring a colony in Newfoundland in 1620. However, Calvert found the location too cold for his taste, and asked the king for something farther south. He eventually obtained a colonial grant north of the Potomac River. Maryland's state flag is patterned after the black and gold coat of arms of Calvert's father's family, and the red and white arms of his mother's family, Crossland.
A state seal based on the Calvert family arms was commissioned in 1854. The people liked the combination of colors, and soon began flying black and gold. All was well until the Civil War divided the state's population. Sympathizers of the Confederacy, of which there were many, , began to identify themselves with the read and white of the Crossland coat of arms, in opposition to the black and gold associated with a state that remained part of the Union.
With the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1861, red and white "secession colors" appeared everywhere. In response, the colors were outlawed, and wearing them could land a person in jail. Maryland Confederate soldiers used both the red and white colors and the cross bottony from the Crossland arms to represent themselves. ( A cross bottony features three rounded lobes on each segment of the cross, as depicted on the state flag).
During the difficult reconciliation period that followed the Civil War, a new symbol of unity emerged in the form of a flag featuring both the red and white and black and gold colors. The flags began appearing at public events. The creator of this symbol of unification is unknown, nor is it certain when the flag first appeared. However, its presence at a parade held in celebration of the 150th anniversary of the founding of Baltimore, is documented.
Eight years later, a flag with alternating Calvert and Crossland colors was flown at the dedication for the Maryland monument at Gettysburg Battlefield. The following year, 1889, the Fifth Regiment, Maryland National Guard adopted this flag as its regimental color, becoming the first organization to officially adopt what would become Maryland's state flag.
The largest component of Maryland's military at the time, the Fifth Regiment participated in many public events. This helped popularize the flag, which was adopted as the state flag of Maryland in 1904. By 1905, the Fifth was sporting a cross bottony on the flagstaff. Again following the Regiments lead, in 1945 Maryland made the gold cross bottony the official ornament for a flagstaff carrying the Maryland state flag.
Maryland State Flag
Large Maryland State Flag
Maryland State Flag Sticker
Maryland Terrapins Pennant
Maryland State Flag