Welcome to TheseUnitedStates - Arizona
Arizona, our 48th state, was admitted to the Union February 14th, 1912. The 2000 census has Arizona's population at 5,130,632, ranking 20th in the US. With a total area of 113,998 square miles, the state is ranked sixth in size. Phoenix, Arizona's capital, is also its largest city .
Useful Internet Links for Arizona:
Arizona fun facts:
Arizona State Bird: Cactus wren
Arizona State Flower: Saguaro cactus blossom
Arizona State Motto: God Enriches
Arizona State Song: Arizona
Arizona State Tree: Palo Verde
Nickname: The Grand Canyon State
The geographic center of Arizona lies in Yavapai County, approximately 55 miles ESE of Prescott. in the Tonto National Forest. At 12,633 feet, Humphreys Peak, in the San Francisco Mountains north of Flagstaff, is the state's highest point. The name Arizona derives either from the Spanish version of the Pima Indian word for "little spring place," or perhaps from the Aztec arizuma, meaning "silver-bearing." Arizona is home to the largest population of Native Americans in the US; Indian reservations comprise 28% of the land area.
Brief History: Navajo and Apache were among the native peoples inhabiting Arizona on the arrival of the first European explorers, Franciscan Marcos de Niza, and later Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, in the mid-1500's. Spanish influence continued in the southern part of the state, largely under the guidance of Father Eusebio Francisco Kino, a Jesuit missionary, who established several missions and visitas throughout the territory. Spain ceded Arizona to Mexico in 1821, and the US took over in 1848 after the Mexican war. The area below the Gila River was gained from Mexico in the Gadsden Purchase of 1853. The area became a territory in 1863 but continued to see unrest with the Apache wars, which ended with the surrender of Geronimo in 1886.
Arizona has innumerable scenic and historic attractions. Among the most unexpected is the reconstructed London Bridge at Lake Havasu. The most famous is the Grand Canyon, the spectacular chasm of the Colorado River located within Grand Canyon National Park. Arizona is home to Petrified Forest and Saguaro National Parks, and eleven National Monuments: Casa Grande Ruins, Chiricahua, Montezuma Castle, Navajo, Organ Pipe Cactus, Pipe Spring, Sunset Crater Volcano, Tonto, Tuzigoot, Walnut Canyon, and Wupatki. The cool pines of the Prescott area, the White Mountains, the San Francisco Peaks and the Mogollon Rim area are popular summer escapes from the desert heat. The spas of Tucson and Phoenix, the historic ranching area of the southeast and the Indian reservations in the state's northeast corner are other popular vacation destinations.